The skin is the outermost covering of our body and protects all the internal organs. It is also the organ which is most visible to others. Hence it is important for us to maintain effectively so that it looks and feels healthy all the time. Being the outer covering it is also the victim of various ecological factors including climatic changes. To combat these fluctuations we have to take measures to maintain its health and beauty.
Tips for caring for the skin:
1. Use moisturizers
In winter the amount of moisture in the environment decreases drastically. Hence there is less humidity. The skin responds to the altered climate by losing water from its outermost layers and becoming dry. To combat this dryness we need moisturizers. One must also drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration which may accompany extreme cold weather conditions.
Moisturizers soften the skin and increase the water content of the skin. They also soften the skin. They should be applied extensively on the exposed parts of the body such as the face, hands and feet.
The most common moisturizer used for centuries by human beings is oil. It is the cheapest moisturizer available. Coconut oil, olive oil, almond oil, avocado oil, grapeseed oil or apricot oil are quite useful in this respect. However, mustard oil has been recently found to produce allergic reactions and is best avoided. The oil should be massaged profusely and extensively on the body after a bath and kept on for a few hours.
2. Your hair needs care too!
The hairs may become dry in winter months. Hence oiling the hair regularly is a must. For people with non-oily skin. However, if one has an oily skin the oiliness may increase considerably in winter due to excess secretion of sebum. In such cases oiling the hair my cause increase in dandruff and hair fall. Hence oils should be avoided and a conditioner can be used to avoid dryness of the hair. Shampooing of the hair with a mild shampoo with or without conditioners helps in keeping the hairs in a healthy state. A balanced diet with lots of water, fruits and vegetables is a must for proper hair care.
3. Protecting your face
The face might feel excessively dry during winter. It can be itchy due to dryness. Hence an important part of caring for the skin is moisturizing the face with emollients and oil. However, in people with oily skin a non-oily, water based moisturizer should be used to avoid development of pimples. Toning the skin and using sunscreens with SPF 15 is recommended. The lips can be protected from chapping with the help of a lip balm.
4. Do not cleanse your face too often
Caring for the skin will require it to be cleansed once in a while. However, cleansing the skin too often is best avoided as this would increase the dryness and chapping of the skin. However if a soap has to be used it should be a mild moisturizing soap. Bathing in lukewarm water is recommended.
Overall, during the winter months, it is necessary and useful to keep the skin moisturised and soft avoiding exposure to alcohol containing substances such as deodorants which can cause further drying of the skin.