India is a country of amazingly unique heritage sites and architectures and there is an incredible 37 outstanding UNESCO World Heritage in India. These cultural and natural heritages are the legacy from the past. There are both natural and man-made heritage sites which are adding stars to the glory of the country and making every Indian proud of their vast culture, diversity and beauty of the nation.
Let’s get to know some masterpiece from the different regions of our country which are known for increasing outstanding value to the beauty and grace of our country.
1. Ellora Caves
The Ellora Caves are among the important World Heritage site in India since 1983. It is situated in Aurangabad-Chalisgaon which is 30 km from Aurangabad. These caves are well known for their Indian-rock cut architecture which was built during the Rashtrakuta Dynasty and the Yadava Dynasty between the period 600-1000 AD. The collection of this Ellora cave has a total of 100 caves which reflect the different religious sentiments of the people of that era, out of which only 34 caves are for the public. These caves served diverse purposes like monasteries for the monks, praying and as a tourist destination.
2. Nalanda Mahavihara
On July 15, 2016, Bihar’s much-praised ancient site, the remains of Nalanda Mahavihara, was declared as UNESCO world heritage site. This masterpiece of education and Buddhist monastery is located at 95 km from the Capital city of Bihar, Patna. It was built in 5th century CE under the Gupta Dynasty and was continued expending after that under different rulers in Bihar. Scholars and students from different places, including Japan, Turkey, Persia, Korea, Tibet, China and Indonesia visited this Mahavihara during its peak time. It was destroyed by an army under Bakhtiyar Khilji, in 1200 CE. Several antiques including sculptures, coins inscriptions and seals were scooped out from the site which now graces the Nalanda Archaeological Museum.
3. Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri is a historic town in Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is about 39 kilometres (24 mi) from Agra.This city was serves as the capital of Mughal Empire by Akbar in 1571. Before converted into a town it was a village named Sikri. It is also said that this place was a commercial centre before Akbar built his capital. This city is enclosed by wall on its three sides and a lake on its fourth border which was once used by Babur’s army for water necessity. The major sites of attraction in this town are Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, Tomb of Salim Chishti, Panch Mahal, Hiran Minar, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Ibadat Khana, Mariam-uz-Zamani, Birbal’s House and many mores. Fatehpur Sikri was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986 and now maintained as a historic site.Image Credit: Yathin S Krishnappa [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
4. Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a natural world heritage site situated in the heart of Assam. This is a wildlife sanctuary with a population of two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceros. This is a treasure of amazing flora and fauna along with a great diversity of India’s ecology. It accommodates uncommon breeding populations of 35 mammalian species along with elephants, wild water buffalo and swamp deer. Declared as Tiger Reserve in 2006, it is the home for the highest bulk of tigers in the world. Kaziranga is a massive territory of marshland, dense forests, tall elephant grass and the Brahmaputra spreads into lots of small water bodies. The park faces three seasons, including summer, monsoon, and winter.
5. Western Ghats
Another natural UNESCO World Heritage called the Western Ghats also known Sahyadri is a chain of mountains runs along the western coast of India. It covers 1,600 km in length and 140000 square km area which runs through the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is a home for unique flora and fauna among which some are special and only found here in the world. This area is one among the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspot” with a huge population of mammal species, bird species, freshwater fish, flowering and non-flowering plants. The major river chain passes the Western Ghats are Kaveri, Krishna, Godavari, Thamiraparani and Tungabhadra. In 2012 Western Ghats came in the list of UNESCO World Heritage site in India.
Now when you already know about these beautiful sites must be wanting to visit some of these. So, just plan your next vacation soon and explore these outstanding places. Don’t forget to share your experience through the comment below.